If Meteorologists Don’t Study Meteors, Who Does?

Weather conditions, meteors, and meteor showers are phenomena that have shaped our planet and are vital aspects of our existence. However, the professions of “meteorologist” and “meteoriticist” are frequently misinterpreted, resulting in confusion regarding the actual responsibilities of these experts. This blog post aims to clarify the distinction between these two areas of expertise.

Meteorologists don’t study meteors, meteoriticists do!

Weather Station Depot is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program and others. Affiliate advertising programs are designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and other programs.

Understanding the Difference Between Meteorologists & Meteoriticists

At first glance, the two terms may appear similar, but they are actually quite different. Meteorologists are scientists who study the Earth’s atmosphere and weather patterns, while meteoriticists study meteors, meteorites, and other celestial bodies.

Initially, meteorology might seem to be a similar field as meteoritics, but in reality, they differ significantly in their respective research focus. Meteorologists specialize in exploring the dynamics of the Earth’s atmosphere, studying the intricate patterns that govern weather and climate changes.

They utilize various tools, weather stations, and technologies to predict weather conditions and patterns, which is vital in modern society. On the other hand, meteoriticists concentrate their efforts on investigating extraterrestrial objects, such as meteors, meteorites, and comets, to understand their composition and origin.

Their research often involves analyzing space debris to uncover the geological and physical properties of the universe. These two distinct areas of scientific study play an essential role in expanding our knowledge of the Earth and the universe beyond it.


Meteorology and Meteors; It’s Aristotle’s Fault

Meteorologica is a book by Aristotle that deals with various natural phenomena, such as weather, earthquakes, comets, and the Milky Way. Aristotle tries to explain these phenomena using his four-element theory and his concept of natural place. He also discusses topics such as the formation of clouds, rainbows, and halos. Meteorologica is one of the earliest works of natural philosophy and meteorology, and it influenced many later thinkers and scientists.

Meteorology is a term used to describe the scientific study of the Earth’s atmosphere and its weather patterns. The term “meteorology” originates from the Greek word “metéōros,” meaning “things up in the air,” and “logia,” meaning “the study of.”

The ancient Greeks were fascinated with the natural phenomena they observed in the sky, such as clouds, rain, thunder, and lightning, and they developed the first rudimentary meteorological theories. However, it was not until the 17th century that meteorology started to be studied as a field of science.

Unfortunately, this led to confusion, as the term “meteorology” was also used to describe the study of meteors, which are unrelated to the study of the atmosphere. As a result, the term “meteorology” has been misused for centuries, causing misunderstandings and creating confusion amongst the general public.

However, the old Greek definition of meteor as an atmospheric phenomenon still holds to this day:

MeteorsSpace rocks that enter a planet’s atmosphere. They range from smaller than a grain of sand and up to a yard wideShooting stars, fireballs, and meteorites – (on the ground), or meteoroids – (before entering the atmosphere)
HydrometeorsPrecipitation, cloud, or fog particles formed by the condensation of water vapor in the atmosphereRain, snow, hail, drizzle, fog, mist
ElectrometeorsAtmospheric electrical phenomena such as lightning, St. Elmo’s Fire, and other electrical glowing phenomenaLightning, St. Elmo’s Fire, electric discharge, ionization of the atmosphere
LithometeorsNon-electric atmospheric phenomena such as dust storms, sandstorms, and other forms of windblown matterDust storms, sandstorms, tornadoes, haboobs, whirlwinds, dust devils, volcanic ash
PhotometeorsAtmospheric optical phenomena such as rainbows, halos, and gloriesRainbows, halos, glories, coronas, sun pillars, light pillars, auroras, noctilucent clouds, iridescence, green flash, crepuscular rays, sun dogs

Does this mean that meteorologists DO study meteors? Sort of, but not as we define meteorology nowadays. Despite this confusion, meteorology remains a crucial field of study for understanding the Earth’s climate and predicting weather patterns, and continues to play an essential role in modern society.

To better understand the differences between meteorologists and meteoriticists, it is helpful to delve further into the specific areas of study within each field. Meteorologists observe and analyze the Earth’s atmosphere to make predictions about weather patterns and natural disasters, while also evaluating the impacts of human activities on climate change.

On the other hand, meteoriticists research extraterrestrial materials, such as meteorites and meteors, to gain insights into the formation and evolution of our solar system and the universe. Both fields are vital to our understanding of the world around us and offer unique perspectives on natural phenomena.

By respecting the distinctions between these two areas of study, we can appreciate their contributions to scientific knowledge and deepen our appreciation for the complexity of the natural world.

Cool clouds for meteorologists

Meteorologists: Studying the Atmosphere

Meteorology is a branch of atmospheric sciences that focuses on predicting and understanding weather patterns. Meteorologists use sophisticated technology and data to analyze and forecast the weather accurately.

They take into account factors such as temperature, pressure, humidity, and wind velocity to create models that can predict localized and global weather patterns. Overall, they study the atmosphere to keep people safe and help plan for future weather events.

Meteorology has come a long way since its inception. The field has grown to encompass not only weather forecasting but also climate study and environmental monitoring.

Meteorologists use computer modeling and simulations to analyze weather patterns from around the world, and satellites and other remote sensing technologies help in gathering data for predicting weather events. In addition, advances in technology have now made it possible for meteorologists to predict natural disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes, and even extreme heat waves with a high degree of accuracy.

This has allowed communities to be better prepared for such events and reduce the impact on human life and property. It is clear that meteorology plays an essential role in keeping people informed and safe during severe weather events.

Meteorology has certainly come a long way, and advancements in technology continue to shape the field. For instance, drones have proven to be a game-changer when it comes to obtaining accurate and timely weather information, particularly in areas that are geographically challenging to monitor.

Furthermore, artificial intelligence (AI) is now being utilized to make weather predictions more precise and reliable. By analyzing vast amounts of data, AI can predict extreme weather events, such as flash floods and blizzards, with greater accuracy than ever before.

where are the meteors

Meteoriticists: Studying Celestial Bodies

The second area of study is meteoritics, which is the study of meteorites, meteors, and other extraterrestrial bodies.

Meteorites are fragments of asteroids or comets that have fallen to Earth, and meteors are those fragments that burn up upon entering Earth’s atmosphere. Both of these allow scientists to examine the composition of celestial bodies and learn more about how our solar system formed.

In meteoritics, scientists analyze the physical and chemical properties of meteorites to understand the origin of our solar system. These small pieces of extraterrestrial material hold significant clues about the conditions that existed in the early universe.

By closely studying the isotopic compositions of meteorites, researchers can unlock the secrets of how the planets formed and how they have evolved over time. This area of study is crucial to expanding our understanding of the universe and our place within it.

So far, meteoritics has revealed exciting discoveries, such as the presence of water on Mars and the possibility of life on other planets. As research in this field continues, we can hope to uncover even more fascinating revelations about the cosmos.

Meteoritics is one of the most intriguing fields in modern-day astronomy as it encompasses the study of the origin of the universe. Meteorites, despite their small size, have provided significant clues and information about our solar system’s formation and evolution.

The study of these celestial rocks has revealed a vast array of information, including the possibility of life on other planets, the composition of planets in our solar system, and the existence of various chemical compounds on other celestial objects.

Understanding the chemical and physical properties of meteorites provides an extraordinary ability to unravel the mysteries of our cosmos, and with ongoing research in this field, we can only anticipate more groundbreaking revelations about the universe that we live in.

Now you know why meteorologists don’t study meteors, meteoriticists do!

Some Notable Discoveries Made by Meteoriticists

– The identification of different types of meteorites based on their mineralogy and chemistry, such as iron meteorites (mostly metallic), stony meteorites (mostly rocky), and stony-iron meteorites (mixed).

– The determination of the ages of meteorites using radioactive isotopes, such as uranium-lead dating and rubidium-strontium dating. Some meteorites are among the oldest known materials in the solar system, dating back to about 4.6 billion years ago.

– The detection of organic molecules and water-bearing minerals in some meteorites, suggests that they may have originated from comets or asteroids that had liquid water and potential for life. Some meteorites even contain samples of liquid water trapped inside them.

– The discovery of rare or exotic elements and isotopes in some meteorites that are not found on Earth or elsewhere in the solar system. For example, some meteorites contain traces of iridium-192, a radioactive isotope that is produced by supernova explosions.

– The observation and analysis of spectacular meteor events that have caused significant impacts or explosions on Earth or other planets.

For example, the Tunguska event in 1908 was caused by a large meteoroid that exploded over Siberia with a force equivalent to about 15 megatons of TNT.

The Chelyabinsk event in 2013 was caused by a smaller meteoroid that exploded over Russia with a force equivalent to about 500 kilotons of TNT.

The Chicxulub event about 66 million years ago was caused by a huge asteroid that hit Mexico with a force equivalent to about 10 billion megatons of TNT and may have contributed to the extinction of dinosaurs.

crater from meteorite

Not All Weathermen are Meteorologists

Weather forecasting is a crucial part of our daily life, as it affects our travel plans, outdoor activities, and sometimes even our safety. Thus, weathermen play a vital role in providing us with accurate weather forecasts.

However, not all weathermen are meteorologists. Although both professions involve studying the weather and providing forecasts, meteorologists have a deeper understanding of the science behind it. They have a degree in meteorology, which involves studying atmospheric physics, chemistry, and other related sciences.

On the other hand, weathermen who are not meteorologists might have basic knowledge of the weather and forecasting tools but might lack the deeper scientific understanding that meteorologists have. Therefore, it is essential to understand the difference between weathermen and meteorologists to ensure that we rely on accurate and trustworthy weather forecasts.


Now you know, meteorology and meteoritics are two distinct fields of study.

While meteorologists don’t study meteors, weathermen and meteorologists focus on studying the atmosphere and predicting weather patterns, meteoriticists study meteorites and meteors to learn more about the origins of our universe. By understanding these differences, we can better appreciate the work that each profession does and develop a more informed perspective on weather and the cosmos.

I guess meteorologists and meteoriticists would join forces if a space rock hit the Earth with enough force to affect the weather. That is if anyone is left alive…

Have Fun!


Scroll to Top